The “honeymoon period”, the span from week 13 to week 27 of pregnancy is when nausea subsides, emotions even out and sex drive returns. It’s also the time when you’ll start to feel the baby’s first movements. However, what to expect during the second pregnancy trimester?
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Usually, the second trimester is considered to be the most comfortable between all three trimesters. Most of the early pregnancy symptoms will disappear in the second pregnancy trimester.
You will have more energy, your breasts will get bigger, your tummy will start to look more like you are pregnant, and you will get your sex drive back again.
When Does The Second Trimester Start?
Pregnancy lasts for 40 weeks and the weeks are divided into three trimesters, each trimester has three months. As for the second trimester, it starts from week 14 and lasts through the end of week 27 of pregnancy.
Fetus Development in the Second-Trimester Week-by-Week
- Tiredness and morning sickness starts to decrease.
- Your growing baby is now about 85mm or the size of a kiwi.
- The kidneys start producing urine, and the baby releases it into the amniotic fluid.
- The arms will grow, and the baby will become more active (but you won’t feel the kicks yet).
- There’s an ultra-thin layer of hair covering the baby, called lanugo.
- The liver starts making bile. The spleen starts helping produce red blood cells.
- The baby can move joints and limbs.
- The baby can sense light (try playing with a flashlight).
- The taste buds are formed.
- The baby is now about the size of an apple.
- If you have an ultrasound this week, you might find out the gender of your baby.
- The head is growing
- The toenails are growing.
- The heart is pumping a significant amount of blood daily.
- The baby is about the size of a lemon.
- The skeleton becomes harder.
- The umbilical cord is stronger and thicker now.
- The sweat glands are developing.
- The baby can move the joints.
- The blood vessels are visible through the baby’s thin skin.
- The ears are in the final position.
- Depending on the gender of the baby, the uterus and fallopian tubes, or genitals are formed and in place.
- The baby is about the size of a bell pepper now.
- The brain is developing particular areas for smell, taste, hearing, vision and touch.
- Your baby might be able to hear your voice now (you can try talking to the baby).
- The hair is sprouting.
- There’s a waxy protective layer (vernix caseosa) forming in your baby’s skin to protect the baby.
- The baby is now around the length of a banana.
- The baby is practising to swallow to improve the digestive system.
- Your baby is producing a black and sticky product of digestion, that you will see in the baby’s first solid diaper.
- The baby’s eyebrows and eyelids are present now.
- Moreover, if you are having a girl, her vagina will form.
- Lips, eyelids, eyebrows are distinct now.
- The eyes are formed but still lacking pigment.
- The pancreas is developing steadily.
- The baby is about the size of a papaya.
- The sense of movement is well developed now, so the baby can feel you moving.
- Lung’s blood vessels are developing.
- The baby is more familiar with the noises around you.
- The baby is about the size of a large mango.
- The baby’s taste buds continue to develop.
- The lungs continue to develop.
- The skin is still thin and translucent.
- The baby is about the size of corn on a cob.
- The wrinkled skin starts to smoothen.
- The fetus is looking more like a baby.
- Growing more hair
- Development of the nerves allows for sensitivity around the ear area.
- The baby might be able to hear your voice.
- The baby is developing lung movements.
- If you are having a boy, his testicles will start to descend into his scrotum.
- The baby can blink.
- The brain is active at this point.
- Hiccups may occur.
- The baby is about the size of a cauliflower.
What Happens to You During the Second Trimester?
You will notice many body changes during this period of pregnancy, and it includes:
- Snoring – You might find this thing a little annoying, but it happens because of the increase in blood flow to your mucous membranes.
- Swelling – Don’t be surprised if you start to have some swelling especially in the ankles and feet.
- Dizziness – You might feel dizzy sometimes because of the low blood pressure.
- Varicose veins – Especially in the legs area due to enormous pressure your baby is making.
- Haemorrhoids – It is common during pregnancy and will go away after you give birth.
- Sensitive gums – Usually, it is standard in the second trimester of pregnancy if your gums bleed while brushing your teeth due to the sensitivity. However, we encourage you to visit a dentist to check on that to make sure.
- Pain in the lower abdomen – Happens due to the stretch of your abdomen.
- Cramps in legs – There are many reasons behind this pain, be sure to eat a healthy and balanced diet.
- Mood swings – Your hormones are changing rapidly, so it’s normal to have mood swings.
- Backache – There’s more pressure on your back.
- Bigger breasts – You won’t feel the tenderness now that you’re in the second trimester.
- Vaginal discharge – If you notice some white discharge, it’s normal during this period of pregnancy.
- Hair growth – You might find some hair growth in different areas in your body, and this happens due to the pregnancy hormones that boost hair growth.
When Should you Consult a Doctor?
Some red flag symptoms need a doctor’s attention. It includes:
- Severe abdominal pain.
- Extreme Dizziness.
- Green or yellow vaginal discharge.
- High fever.
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