Getting pregnant can be easy or hard for some families. There are many methods to follow that may make falling pregnant easier. Here at Okadoc, we examine one way, tracking your ovulation cycle.

Your body releases an egg every month during the menstrual cycle which is called ovulation. When the egg is released, it travels down the fallopian tube, where it can be fertilised with sperm. Tracking the ovulation cycle is one of the best and simplest way for trying to conceive.

Ovulation phases

Ovulation can be split into three main categories as follows:

  1. Follicular phase: the egg expands and becomes more mucus because of the layer of cells that develop around it. In this phase, the uterus lining begins to thicken.
  2. Ovulatory phase: specific enzymes are secreted to help the egg “ovum” move towards the fallopian tube. If you are planning to get pregnant, this is the most fertile period, and it lasts 24- 48 hours.
  3. Luteal phase: the fertilised egg will be implanted into the womb, while the unfertilized egg stops producing hormones slowly and dissolves in 24 hours, as for the uterus lining, it will break down and exit the body during your period.

Ovulation calendar

Your menstrual cycle lasts between 28- 32 days.

The egg is released between 12- 16 days before your next period is due.

Predicting when the ovulation can help you get pregnant, so the ovulation calendar helps you to know the right time.

Moreover, it’s important to know that the day of ovulation will determine how long your cycle is. You should know that there are outside factors that will change your period and ovulation calendar such as stress and illness.

We encourage you to record your menstrual information to keep track of your cycle.

Note: you can buy an ovulation kit “test” so you can detect the increase of a specific hormone in the urine before ovulation.

Signs of ovulation

Here are the signs that help you indicate your ovulation time:

  • A slight increase in body temperature: this happens because of the hormone progesterone, which is secreted when an egg is released. There’s an ovulation thermometer that can help you track this sign.
  • Ovulation pain or cramping: you might feel some pain in the lower abdomen, this pain is called “mittelschmerz”.
  • High levels of luteinizing hormone (LH): you can check that using the ovulation test that we mentioned earlier.
  • Vaginal discharge: you will notice an increase in vaginal discharge, it will be more transparent, thinner and stretchy.
  • Breast tenderness
  • Burning sensation: due to the fluid that is being secreted from the follicle when the egg is expelled.

Please note that you might not feel any of these symptoms and it’s normal, that’s why consulting a doctor will help you to identify your ovulation period.

Ovulation problems

Some women might face ovulation problems due to several reasons such as irregular period, and the only way to know if you ovulate is by a blood test that detects LH levels.

When you are getting older, ovulation problems might be more common, but you need to consult a specialist if:

  • You are unable to get pregnant within one year of trying, and you are under 35 years old.
  • You are unable to get pregnant within six months of trying, and you are over 35 years old.

The sooner you talk about your problems, the better the treatment will be.

For more information about this topic, please visit Okadoc blog’s maternity section and consult 24/7 online with your health providers at Okadoc app.