When you’re trying to conceive or have found out you are pregnant, miscarriage is the last thing you want to think about, and you try to avoid to the best of your ability. And though miscarriage is a touchy subject, its something all women and expecting parents should know and understand. Close contact with your doctor will be important in identifying if a miscarriage has occurred and identifying the signs to look out for.
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Dr. Zahida Haq, specialist obstetrics and gynaecology at Universal Hospital, says that miscarriage is quite common in women and occurs more often in the first trimester. One in every four women in the UAE may suffer from a miscarriage in her lifetime. And though miscarriage may occur, there is still more than a 70% chance that the woman may give health to a fully healthy baby in the future.
Why Do Miscarriages Occur?
- Abnormal or unstable hormone levels in the mother such as thyroid hormone
- Implantation of the egg and uterine do not attach properly
- Certain infections
- Uterine abnormalities
- Current health complications such as diabetes or high blood pressure
- Certain medications
- Exposure to radiation or toxic agents
Signs of Miscarriage
Identifying miscarriage is not an easy task, as these signs and symptoms also belong to other health complications. However, miscarriage can be identified from one or more of the following signs:
1. Spontaneous bleeding
If you notice you are bleeding outside of your menstrual cycle or have notice spotting, then it may be a sign of miscarriage. When pregnant, a woman should not go through menstrual cycles during the pregnancy period, and so if this happens, possible miscarriage should be considered.
2. Heavy bleeding
You should know what the average flow of a menstrual cycle looks like, however, if you notice the flow becomes gradually heavier and out of the normal, it may be a sign of miscarriage, and you should seek medical advice.
Other signs of miscarriage include:
- Severe cramping in abdominal and/or groin area
- Weakness in joints and muscles
- Unexplainable weight loss
- Back pain
When to See a Doctor?
If you notice any of the above signs in your health, it is important to see a doctor. Not only may it be signs of miscarriage, but any of these signs may be symptoms of other health complications that need to be addressed.
If you have any fear or anxiety regarding having a miscarriage, speaking with your doctor as soon as possible is essential as they will be able to put your mind at ease. Being stressed while pregnant or sick, does not do you or your baby’s health any favours. A doctor will be able to assist you every step of the way.
Though in many cases miscarriage can be outside of your control, there are small preventative actions you can take to decrease its chances. Here are simple lifestyle changes you can make to decrease the chances of miscarriage.
- Get regular exercise and maintain a healthy body weight.
- Eat healthy foods and don’t overeat. Make sure the foods you eat are nutritious and within sufficient amounts.
- Manage your stress levels. Try not to worry or dread over things outside of your control. Stress can also be better kept when you exercise and eat well.
- Abstain from smoking or going in areas with smoke. If your partner, family member or colleague smokes, try to keep a distance.
- Check the side effects of any medication or antibiotics you are taking and consult with a doctor if it may link to miscarriage.
- Speak with your doctor if you are trying to conceive. This is very important for women who have an existing health concern that may affect your chances. Having a check-up for your partner for infertility may also help you in the process as well as getting a better understanding of your situation.
Keep In Mind
On a social aspect, most women are afraid to admit if a miscarriage has occurred or feel shame or guilt. It’s important to keep in mind that miscarriage occurs more often than you think and does not mean that you cannot give birth to a baby in the future.
Having a miscarriage is nothing to be ashamed about as its causes are outside of our control. If you have had a miscarriage, do not be discouraged. Speak with your doctor as to what you can do to better your chances of giving birth to a healthy baby in the future.
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