The skin when exposed to the sun’s UV rays helps produce vitamin D. Vitamin D assists in the absorption of calcium. You do not need to be exposed for an extended period to get vitamin D.

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Too much exposure to sun however can cause damage to the skin, eye and even lead to skin cancer.

Here are some of the ways to protect you and your kids from the UV rays.

1. Use Sunscreen

All adults and kids regardless of their skin tone must wear sunscreen with at least an SPF 30 or higher rating. Also make sure the sunscreen that you choose is broad-spectrum, meaning it protects against both UVA and UVB rays.

If kids are going for a swim, make sure the sunscreen is water-resistant. Apply a generous amount and often reapply, after about 3 hours. It is also important to always remember to put on sunscreen all over the body and small areas that we often forget, such as eyelids and the back of your ear.

Having darker skin does not prevent you from burning, nor minimise your risk of skin cancer, so darker skin needs to use sunscreen as well.

2. Seek Shade

UV rays are the most potent and most harmful during midday, so it’s best to plan indoor activities then. If this is not possible, seek shade under a tree or an umbrella. Use these options to prevent sunburn.

3. Avoid the Strongest Rays of the Day

Like we mentioned earlier, UV rays are the strongest and most harmful during midday. Make sure the day activities are done under some shade or time the activities. The UV rays can also affect the skin when people are driving.

4. Cover Up

It is almost impossible to cover up during hot summer months, wear long-sleeve shirts and pants. Clothes made from tightly woven fabric offer the best protection.

A wet T-shirt offers much less UV protection than a dry one, and darker colours may provide more protection than lighter shades.

For babies, it is best for them to be kept out of the sun since they have more delicate skin compared to adults. Dress your baby thoroughly and make sure they are inside prams that have shade and cover.

5. Wear Sunglasses

One day in the sun can lead to a burned cornea (the outer clear membrane layer of the eye). Sun exposure over time to the eyes can cause cataracts, which is clouding the eye lens that leads to blurred vision later in life.

Protect your eyes from the harmful UV rays by wearing sunglasses that provide 100% UV protection and tell your kids to never stare directly to the sun!

6. Wear a Hat

Make sure you wear a hat when you are outdoors, choose a wide-brimmed hat or caps. There are many styles to choose from.

Protect your kids from the UV rays, not only in the summer but every day, because even during the winter months, UV rays reflect off both snow and water, increasing the risk of sunburn. That is why it is essential to wear sunscreen every day.

Moreover, be a good role model by always using sunscreen, wearing sunglasses, and limiting your time in the sun. You’ll reduce your risk of sun damage and teach your kids always to wear sunscreen and stay away from the sun.

For more information about UV rays and sun exposure, visit Okadoc and consult with your healthcare provider online. Find the right doctor now!