Asthma is a very common condition that people in the middle east are no stranger to. With the poor air quality in the UAE and the occasional dust storms that occur, asthma is a concern that isn’t going away anytime soon in the UAE.

The prevalence rates for asthma in the UAE is 8% for adults, and 12-13% for children. With that being said, it’s important to understand the potential triggers for asthma, how to be on the lookout for them as well as knowing how to avoid them. 

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Before we delve into the triggers of asthma and the best prevention tips for these triggers, lets breakdown what asthma actually is. Asthma is a long term disease if the lungs and commonly occurs in children. It is medically referred to as chronic respiratory disease as it causes your airways to become inflamed, narrowing in the process and making it difficult for you to breathe.

Coughing, wheezing, chest tightness, and most commonly, shortness of breath are its main symptoms. People with asthma who are suddenly triggered must use an inhaler for a quick treatment, or it may prove fatal. 

Prevention Tips for Avoiding Asthma

Tips for Avoiding Asthma

1. Use a Face Mask and Avoid Areas with Air Pollution

Airborne triggers are the most common cause of asthma attacks. In the UAE, whenever you are heading outdoors, the air quality and what you have should be the first thing to consider.

The pollen, dust, and secondhand smoke that are constant in our environment need to all be avoided. Use a face mask or completely remove yourself from heavily polluted environments. When indoors, air quality is generally better. 

2. Using an Air Conditioner

Being indoors is a lot safer than being outdoors for people with asthma, as the air quality is quite controlled. However, dust mites and humid air can make it harder to breathe as well as triggering your asthma.

Using an air conditioner will help to reduce the air pollutants and lower pollen and humidity levels, making it easier and safer for you to breath.

3. Avoid Pets with Fur

Although there’s nothing wrong with owning a pet and regularly playing with them, people who are allergic to them as well as being too close with them can trigger an asthma attack. Your cat or dog has spent a relatively good amount of time outside.

Airborne pollutants are likely to accumulate on their fur and can trigger your asthma when you get to close. You can avoid this trigger by keeping your pet clean and avoid spending too much time or become too physically close with them during play. 

4. Minimize Dust Exposure

You can avoid dust, or you can set up a dust-free environment. The best choice is to do both. Dust mites are one of the most common triggers for people with asthma. Your office, bedroom, bathroom, and other personal spaces usually have an abundance of them.

Regularly clean your rooms, apply dust-proof covers to your pillowcases and couches. Especially with carpets and rugs, they are usually covered in dust, so be sure to keep them clean regularly.

5. Get Rid of Mould

Mould is a constant in the UAE as damp and humid conditions are a regular in the middle east. Mould tends to flare up in places like your kitchen, bathroom, shower, garage, and yard. Like dust, mould can be found in a lot of places and is a sudden trigger for your asthma.

Incest in a dehumidifier to minimize the growth of mould as well as producing cleaner air for you to breath. Also, be sure to keep surfaces clean of mould before they start growing. 

6. Cockroaches

It may be a good idea to have insect killers or get the occasional pest control check-up for your home or workplace as cockroaches can cause your asthma to trigger. You can minimize the number of cockroaches in your home by throwing out old food, keeping all food wrapped or covered, and keeping the floors clean.

This will reduce the number of pests in your home as well as enabling you to spot them out first as opposed to spotting them out sooner.

Speak with Your Doctor

Speaking with your doctor is the best thing you can do for your health. Asthma triggers can vary from person to person. Some people may have other underlying health conditions that can trigger asthma, including common colds, respiratory infections, and flu.

If you have a health condition and are worried that you may have asthma, speak with your doctor today.

Head over to the Okadoc app to immediately book an appointment with your health practitioner.