Rosacea: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments
Rosacea is a chronic skin disease that affects up to 40 million people worldwide. With the weather in the UAE being as hot and humid as it is, and with the air quality that we are accustomed to, rosacea cases are very common, especially in the summer.
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Although more research needs to be done regarding the leading cause of rosacea, we can identify what causes are and how to avoid it. No cure is yet to be found on the condition. However, it can be managed, treated as well as using preventative action to stop it from flaring up. In this article, we will go through the symptoms, causes, treatments, and what you need to know about rosacea.
Rosacea can be broken down into four different types. This includes:
- Subtype 1: known as erythematotelangiectatic rosacea (ETR), this is the type that is mostly associated with the flares in your skin, including the flushes, facial redness, and visible blood vessels.
- Subtype 2: known as papulopustular rosacea is the breakouts of acne-like bumps filled with pus. This most often occurs in middle-aged women.
- Subtype 3: known as rhinophyma, this is a more rare form of rosacea where you experience another type of rosacea, but notice your skin becoming very thick and brittle around the nose area.
- Subtype 4: known as ocular rosacea, where its symptoms mainly affect the eye area.
Red Skin – When you get rosacea, it will look like you have just been sunburnt. It may also feel like you are blushing or having hot flushes. Your skin will also feel sensitive and hot to touch. This is usually the earliest symptom of rosacea.
Pimples and Bumps With Pus – These usually appear as soon as you notice your skin becoming red. Some have it worse than others. They may also be sensitive and have a burning sensation.
Visible Blood Vessels – You may also notice blood vessels appearing on your skin in more advanced stages.
Irritation in Eyes – Some people may experience sensitive eyes that may appear glossy, teary, and visible blood shots in some instances. Severe cases of this can lead to vision loss.
Other symptoms of rosacea include:
- Dry and cracking skin
- Burning or tingling sensations on the face
The main causes of rosacea are still unknown. However, certain factors can be held accountable for their development. The main causes include:
- Hereditary factors and genetics
- Sunlight exposure
- Air quality and humidity
- Spicy foods
- Poor hygiene and bacteria exposure to the face
- Emotion and stress
- Cosmetic products with chemicals that may trigger
- Medication for blood pressure
- Medication that dilates blood vessels
Rosacea can happen to anyone. However, some people are at a higher risk of developing the condition. People who are fair-skinned, have blue eyes and blond hair are more likely to develop it than any other ethnicities.
Studies have also shown that people with a Celtic or Scandinavian family history are more likely to develop rosacea. People with a family history of rosacea are also more likely to develop it in themselves.
Rosacea also develops more often in people between the ages of 30 and 50, indicating that age may influence its development. On a statistical basis, women are also far more likely to get rosacea as opposed to men; however, when men get it, symptoms are often several times more severe than women.
Managing Rosacea and Prevention
There is no current known cure for rosacea that can eradicate it from one’s health. However, there are multiple steps and actions you can take to control it, minimize its rate of occurrence as well as minimize symptoms and speed up recovery of when it arises.
Some things you can do to manage rosacea when it occurs include:
- Using gentle exfoliators and cleansers that are oil-free and water-based. This will prevent your skin from becoming aggravated and the condition from flaring up.
- Use creams prescribed from your doctor that are antibacterial as well as soothing. Avoid using the usual skincare products that may contain menthol, witch hazel, alcohol, or abrasive exfoliating particles.
- Speak with your doctor who can prescribe you with oral medication to manage symptoms
- Keep a diary that records whenever the condition flares up, treatments you use, and the potential causes. By recording all cases of rosacea, you’ll have a better idea of how to manage it going forward.
- Avoid wearing makeup as it may aggravate the skin.
- Avoiding direct sunlight to the skin and wear sunscreen
- Avoid harsh winds or direct exposure to dust
- Avoid touching your face, especially when your hands are dirty or after touching food
- Use a moisturizer or take eye medication whenever you feel your face or eyes feel dry
- Avoid heavy exercise that may put too much stress on your body
Speak with Your Doctor
If you have certain skin complications or are unsure whether you are affected with rosacea, speak with your doctor. If management and prevention tips don’t seem to be working on your health condition, speak with your doctor as they will be able to give you personalized advice that will best suit you.
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