Osteoporosis; Causes, Symptoms and Prevention
Osteoporosis is a disease that relates to the bones. It occurs when bones get weaken to the point they can easily fracture or break. Osteoporosis is also commonly referred to as ‘the silent disease’ as it takes a while to develop and hard to identify when the disease begins to occur.
Most of the time, it occurs in the wrists or hip bones. Osteoporosis usually happens to people who have a deficiency or older people. There are ways of improving or preventing the development of this disease.
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However, because it’s challenging to identify the symptoms of osteoporosis, we can make small lifestyle and diet changes to help us avoid this disease. Getting regular health checks and consultations with your doctor can also prevent it.
So before you make assumptions about your health, you need to be aware of osteoporosis and its effects.
Who is at Risk and What are the Causes of Osteoporosis?
If we want to understand better and prevent osteoporosis, we need to know what causes it in the first place.
Like muscles and organs, bones are made up of living tissue. It will naturally break down old bone and replace it with new bone tissue to maintain its strength and integrity.
If you look at the insides of a bone, you’ll notice the resemblance of honeycombs. If you have osteoporosis, the cavities and holes in the honeycomb structure become larger, and the actual bone itself will become smaller and thinner. This will makes the bone more fragile and breakable.
Osteoporosis can occur at any age and to anyone. However, it is most common in older people, especially female. The following factors may also lead to the development of osteoporosis:
- Family history of osteoporosis or health issues
- Broken bone or injury after the age of 50
- Women who had early menopause
- Lifetime deficiency of calcium or Vitamin D
- Inactive or sedentary lifestyle
- Take certain medications, specifically for arthritis, asthma or cancer drugs
- Have a small body frame
How to Identify Symptoms of Osteoporosis
The best way to know if you have osteoporosis is to get checked up by a doctor. However, there are symptoms you may feel should you have osteoporosis.
Some of the symptoms of osteoporosis are:
- Back pain
- Joint pain
- Difficulty finding comfortable sleeping or sitting positions
- Loss of height over time
- Trouble maintaining proper posture (back, spine aligned with the neck with shoulders held back)
- A bone fracture that occurs much more quickly than usual
How to Prevent Osteoporosis
As no one is safe from osteoporosis, the best way to avoid it is to prevent it. Taking extra measures before even feeling symptoms or suspecting osteoporosis is highly recommended.
Making simple lifestyle changes such as healthier eating and physical exercise can help to prevent it. However, that will not completely prevent or reverse the effects of this disease. There are some medications you may need to take, and the advice of a doctor is the only way to get them.
The purpose of prescribed medication for osteoporosis is to either prevent more loss of bone mass or help to increase bone mass. Certain medications work better for specific individuals. Your doctor will be able to give the best advice of medicine or course of action you should take if you have this disease.
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