What You Need to Know About Novel Coronavirus
On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared a global health emergency on novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). The virus was first detected in Wuhan, Hubei province in China on December 31, 2019.
Currently, there ought 13,900 confirmed coronavirus infections all over the world according to health officials. It is known that at least 23 countries have confirmed infection including the US, Japan, Germany, and UAE. Although the number surpassed SARS and MERS infections, the death percentage is lower compared to the two.
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Several measures against the virus have been done by the Central for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the authorities. Additionally, there are also a few things that can be done by ourselves to promote prevention against coronavirus. However, to do this we must first understand what novel coronavirus is.
What is a Novel Coronavirus?
The novel coronavirus is a new type of respiratory virus that was first identified in Wuhan, China in 2019. According to the CDC (Centres of Disease Control), it is a different strain from the common coronaviruses that causes common cold. The virus contains potentially deadly diseases in birds and mammals.
There is currently still little to know about novel coronavirus, but it is contagious with confirmed human-to-human transmission. The source of the outbreak is still debatable with a suspicion that snakes transmitted the first virus to humans.
Symptoms of novel coronavirus may include fever, coughs, and difficulty breathing. The virus’ incubation period ranges from 2 to 14 days after contact.
How is the 2019-nCoV Transmitted?
Person-to-person transmission is believed to happen among close contact. Additionally, respiratory droplets that come from an infected person also transmit the virus.
It is unknown whether the virus can live outside the body for long. Meaning that if a person touches an object that has the virus on it and then touches their nose or mouth, the transmission remains unclear.
What Can You Do to Prevent Coronavirus Infection?
The CDC recommends getting measles and routine vaccinations including rubella, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis, varicella, polio, and flu shot.
Additionally, the public health official also suggested getting hepatitis A and typhoid vaccinations if you are planning on travelling. If you are planning for a long trip to a country where 2019-nCoV is present, do consult professional healthcare for the best prevention methods.
Here are all the steps that you can take to prevent the infection:
- Eat thoroughly cooked foods
- Avoid foods that are served at room temperature
- Avoid unpasteurized products
- Avoid bushmeats
- Avoid contact with stray animals
- Thoroughly wash your hands with antivirus soaps once every 1 or 2 hours
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