Lyme Disease: Symptoms, Treatments & Preventions
Lyme disease a tick-borne illness caused by four main species of bacteria: Borrelia burgdorferi, Borrelia mayonii, Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii bacteria.
- 4 Most Common Types of Eating Disorders
- 5 Most Common Nutrient Deficiencies
- 5 Things Men Need to Get Checked ASAP
Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii is the primary cause of Lyme disease in the United States, while Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii are the primaries, leading cause of Lyme disease in Europe and Asia.
Lyme disease is transmitted through the bite of an infected black-legged tick or also known as a deer tick.
Lyme Disease Symptoms
Every individual reacts to the Lyme bacteria differently, but here is a list of common signs and symptoms of Lyme disease:
Signs and Symptoms – Early Stages
- Early signs may include fever, headache, unexplained fatigue, muscle and joint aches, chills, and swollen lymph nodes.
- Erythema migrans (EM) rash:
- Occurs in approximately 70 to 80 per cent of infected persons.
- Begins at the tick bite and expands gradually over a period of several days reaching up to 30cm or more.
- Warm and a little swollen, but not itchy.
- “bulls-eye” in appearance.
- May appear anywhere on the body.
Signs and Symptoms – Later Stages
- Stiffness and muscle pain predominantly in the neck and joint area.
- Severe rashes.
- Arthritis-like pain around the joints
- The loss of muscle usage in the face.
- Intermittent pain in the tendon area.
- Irregular heartbeat.
- Shortness of breath.
- Nerve pain.
- Shooting pains, numbness, or tingling in the hands or feet.
- Short term memory issues.
Lyme Disease Treatments
Antibiotics are the most common medicine used in the treatment of Lyme disease. The chance of success is higher during the early stages.
In severe cases of, intravenous therapy may be needed for people with certain neurological or cardiac-related illnesses.
Lyme Disease Prevention
- Tick-infested areas should be avoided, and ticks usually are rampant during spring and summer. Ticks favour moist, shaded environments; especially green, wooded areas and large grassy habitats.
- Make your home and property tick safe.
- Keep a habit of putting insect repellent, particularly around the knees, ankles and elbows.
- Wear long pants and long-sleeved shirts and tuck all loose clothing inside your pants and socks.
For more information about Lyme disease or a consultation, you can now book a doctor’s appointment online at Okadoc.
From the easiest summer salad recipe to simple desserts, these easy summer recipe ideas will keep your summery breezy.
Do you ever think that spending hours in front of the TV is not a healthy option for spending time? What if we told you that this has several benefits?
Sunburn is a skin burn that occurs if exposed to the sun for too long without precautions. Here are some tips on how to heal sunburn and how to prevent it.
For people who fast in Ramadan, Suhoor is considered as body fuel, this is why it’s important to have a balanced meal. Here is our healthy recipes selection
What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)? What causes it? How to detect it? And how to treat it? Learn more about how a billion people are impacted…
You’ve probably heard countless times how working out have many benefits for the whole body and mind. Here is 5 reasons why you should start working out now
Okadoc now offers virtual consultation with trusted doctors and hospitals. Learn more here!
You’ve probably heard of high-intensity interval training (HIIT), but what precisely does it entail and why are so many people talking about it?
Eid al-Adha (Festival of Sacrifice) is marked by the performance of a sacrifice, which is accomplished by slaughtering sheep and giving the meat slices among the poor, needy, and relatives.
The spread and development of vaccines against the COVID-19 pandemic herald its near end, but it will not happen overnight. In the meantime, continue to take precautions to protect yourself and others in everyday life and in travel.