Have you ever feel pain and stiffness on your shoulder? If yes, perhaps you might suffer from frozen shoulder.

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This condition can affect your daily activities, such as working, dressing to driving because of the stiffness. So, what is this frozen shoulder condition? How can someone develop it?

What is Frozen Shoulder?

Frozen shoulder is a condition that cause pain and stiffness of the shoulder because of the inflammation in the capsule (lining) of the shoulder joint.

This condition commonly happen in women than in men, between the ages of 40-65.

The capsule (lining) of the shoulder is a loose and flexible structure that allows the shoulder to have wide range of motion. In people with a frozen shoulder, this capsule becomes inflamed and tight.

What Causes a Frozen Shoulder?

Actually, the cause of frozen shoulder is still unknown, most of the time it occurs without reason

People who have had a shoulder injury are more vulnerable to developing this condition. People with certain health conditions too; like people with diabetes, high cholesterol or previous stroke.

In most cases, physical examination and patien’s history are enough to make a diagnosis. But X-rays or ultrasound can be done when the causes of painful shoulder is uncertain.

What are The Symptoms?

The symptoms of frozen shoulder can sometimes happen in three phases.

  • The freezing phase > Constant ache when doing particular movements, such as reaching out to the side. The stiffness might be unnoticeable at this phase.
  • The frozen phase > Pain is present, but not as severe as the first phase. But the stiffness dominates in this phase.
  • The thawing phase > In this phase, pain improves and stiffness subsides.


Treatment options for frozen shoulder depends on the stage of your condition.

If you are in the freezing phase, painkillers or anti-inflammatory medications may help.

If you are in the frozen stage, stretching or physiotherapy may help. If the pain and stiffness is severe, the doctor might give you option to do Hydro-dilatation treatment or even surgery.

If your shoulder is too painful for some time, you should see your GP as soon as possible for a referral to a surgeon. You can book your appointment with Okadoc easily now.