Chickenpox: Symptoms, Treatments and Causes
Chickenpox is a contagious disease among kids, and because of that, you have to know all the essential information about it.
It is a viral infection that causes small fluid-filled blisters and itchy rash. Chickenpox will most likely happen once in every child’s growing up phase. Chickenpox is highly contagious and if children who have never had it come in contact with an infected child, they will most likely catch chickenpox too.
- The 7 Most Common Menstrual Disorders
- Myth vs. Reality: What Does a Panic Attack Feel Like?
- Dyslexia Symptoms By Age
Things are different now because of the chickenpox vaccine, and the number of hospital cases dropped dramatically because of this.
The infection will appear 10-21 days after being exposed to the virus and will last for 5-10 days.
Here are the signs and symptoms of chickenpox:
- Skin rash
- Loss of appetite
Three Stages of Chickenpox:
- Stage one: pink or red bumps that break out after several days
- Stage two: small fluid-filled blisters that form one day before bumps break.
- Stage three: crusts or scabs that cover the broken blisters. These crusts need several days to heal.
When you get infected with the virus, you become contagious after 48 hours, and this lasts until all crusts and scabs are healed. In some severe cases, the rash will cover the entire body, and the child might get lesions in the throat, eyes and mucous membrane of the urethra, anus, and vagina.
Causes and Risk Factors
As we mentioned, chickenpox is a viral infection, which means a virus called varicella-zoster is the cause of this disease.
Some risk factors raise the chances of getting it:
- Never had the virus before
- Did not get vaccinated
- Work with or attend school with someone infected with chicken pox
- Living with children that are infected with chicken pox
It is usually easy to diagnose chickenpox based on skin rash. The doctor might ask you for a lab test such as blood test or culture of lesion samples, in a few cases.
As chickenpox is a disease, there is no cure or any specific medical treatment for it, but the doctor might prescribe an antihistamine to stop the itching. In most cases, chickenpox will be allowed to run its course. If you’re at high risk of complications, the doctor might prescribe medications to make the duration of the infection shorter.
Home Remedies for Chickenpox
Some home remedies to help with the symptoms:
- Trim fingernails to minimise scratching
- Gloves may also help in preventing scars from scratching
- Baking soda and uncooked oatmeal, mixed with water in a bathtub.
- Put calamine lotion on the itchy spots
- Avoid taking aspirin because it may lead to a serious health condition
- Don’t take any medicine without a doctor prescription
When to See a Doctor
It’s important to consult a doctor if these occur:
- The rash is spreading to one or both eyes
- The outbreak turns very red and warm
- Dizziness occurs
- Have a rapid heartbeat
- Have shortness of breath
- Fever higher than 38.9 C
- An infected child is less than six months old
Sometimes chickenpox might lead to some complications which include:
- Bacterial skin infection
- Shock syndrome
- Reye’s syndrome (if you take aspirin during your illness)
If you are pregnant and are infected with chickenpox, it may result in some complications, such as:
- Low birth weight
- Congenital disabilities
It is critical not to catch chickenpox during the last month of pregnancy. Try to avoid contact with an infected child or person.
Vaccination is one of the most prevention methods for chickenpox. Children must receive this vaccine when they are 12-15 months old. If you had chickenpox before, you might not need a vaccine, as you are more immune to this virus.
Visit one of the many general practitioners on Okadoc and ask them for advice on how to manage chickenpox for you or your child.
With more kids going back to in-person classes this year, with the COVID-19 Delta variant on the rise, this year’s back-to-school won’t be as usual.
From the easiest summer salad recipe to simple desserts, these easy summer recipe ideas will keep your summery breezy.
Do you ever think that spending hours in front of the TV is not a healthy option for spending time? What if we told you that this has several benefits?
Sunburn is a skin burn that occurs if exposed to the sun for too long without precautions. Here are some tips on how to heal sunburn and how to prevent it.
For people who fast in Ramadan, Suhoor is considered as body fuel, this is why it’s important to have a balanced meal. Here is our healthy recipes selection
What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)? What causes it? How to detect it? And how to treat it? Learn more about how a billion people are impacted…
You’ve probably heard countless times how working out have many benefits for the whole body and mind. Here is 5 reasons why you should start working out now
Okadoc now offers virtual consultation with trusted doctors and hospitals. Learn more here!
Hunger is a natural signal to your body that it needs more food. There are many explanations why you constantly feel hungry, read more to discover them.
Some women have little or no problems during their periods, while others have different menstrual disorders due to many causes. Learn more about this topic.