Anaemia: Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention
Anaemia is a condition where your blood lacks enough of healthy red blood cell to carry oxygen to your body’s tissues.
- World Leprosy Day: Unite for a Good Cause
- Why You Should Get a Flu Shot
- What You Need to Know About Prostate Cancer
A person with anaemia will have a few or abnormal haemoglobin; the main protein in red blood cells; that its main function is to bind oxygen and delivers it throughout your body.
If your haemoglobin level is to low, your body won’t get enough oxygen. Then you will experience fatigue because your organs are not getting what they need to function properly.
Types of Anaemia
There are many types of anaemia, each with its own cause. It can be temporary or long term, and range from mild to severe.
These are common types of anaemia you should know.
1. Reduction of red blood cell production
This type of anaemia can happen because there’s something wrong with your blood cells. This anaemia also can be cause of you don’t have enough vitamins and minerals to make your red blood cells form normally.
Conditions associated with this type of anaemia include of iron-deficiency, Vitamin-deficiency (especially B12 or folate), bone marrow and stem cell problems.
2. Blood loss
This type of anaemia can happen throught bleeding. You might won’t even notice it because it usually happen over a long period of time. The causes can include gastrointestinal conditions (haemorrhoids, gastritis, and cancer), consumption of NSAIDs medicines, a heavy period in women, post-trauma and post-surgery.
3. Aplastic anaemia
This is a rare, life-threatening anaemia occurs when your body doesn’t produce enough red blood cells. Its causes include infections, autoimmune diseases, certain medications, and exposure to radiation and chemotherapy.
4. Sickle cell anaemia
This type of anaemia is herited. It is caused by a defective form of haemoglobin that forces red blood cells to assume an abnormal crescent (sickle) shape.
5. Hemolytic anaemia
This type of anaemia develops when red blood cells are destroyed faster than bone marrow can replace them. You can inherit this anaemia or developed it later.
Symptoms of Anaemia
There are broad range of anaemia symptoms that can be vary from person to person.
But, some of the most common symptoms of anaemia include:
- Fatigue or lightheadedness
- Energy loss
- Dry and pale skin
- Shortness of breath
- Body cramp
- Unusual or rapid heart rate
- Cold hands and feet
If left untreated, anaemia can cause many health problems, such as:
- Severe fatigue
- Pregnancy complications
- Heart problems, like arrhythmia and heart failure
Most types of anaemia can’t be prevented, but you can avoid iron deficiency anaemia which is the most common form of anaemia, by eating a healthy diet to help increase iron absorption, include:
- Iron-rich foods
- Vitamin B-12
- Vitamin C
When To See A Doctor?
If you suspect that you have anaemia this can be a warning sign of a more serious illness.
Go to Okadoc.com or download our mobile app, and choose your preferred method of meeting your General Practitioner who will redirect you to the right specialist.
With more kids going back to in-person classes this year, with the COVID-19 Delta variant on the rise, this year’s back-to-school won’t be as usual.
From the easiest summer salad recipe to simple desserts, these easy summer recipe ideas will keep your summery breezy.
Do you ever think that spending hours in front of the TV is not a healthy option for spending time? What if we told you that this has several benefits?
Sunburn is a skin burn that occurs if exposed to the sun for too long without precautions. Here are some tips on how to heal sunburn and how to prevent it.
For people who fast in Ramadan, Suhoor is considered as body fuel, this is why it’s important to have a balanced meal. Here is our healthy recipes selection
What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)? What causes it? How to detect it? And how to treat it? Learn more about how a billion people are impacted…
You’ve probably heard countless times how working out have many benefits for the whole body and mind. Here is 5 reasons why you should start working out now
Okadoc now offers virtual consultation with trusted doctors and hospitals. Learn more here!
Hunger is a natural signal to your body that it needs more food. There are many explanations why you constantly feel hungry, read more to discover them.
Some women have little or no problems during their periods, while others have different menstrual disorders due to many causes. Learn more about this topic.